She went on to describe six guidelines to help students build vocabulary. She pointed out that these guidelines are not meant to be followed lock-step, meaning these guidelines are flexible depending on the needs of the students.
Help students develop sufficient initial understanding by:
- Providing a description, explanation, or example of the new term.
- Giving them an experience (story, video, simulation, etc.).
- Establish a record keeping system (some place to keep the terms). The notebooks should include: Term, Describe, Draw, and a Self-evaluation measure
- Asking the students to restate the description, explanation, or example in their own words.
- Asking students to construct a picture, symbol, or graphic representing the term or phrase.
- Engage in activities that help them add to their knowledge of the terms in their notebooks.
- To discuss the terms with one another.
- Play games using the terms.
Here are some games Debra Pickering suggested:
- Word Association Game: (think 10,000 Pyramid)
- Show Me: (think charades)
- Quick Draw: (think Pictionary)
Check out these links for more information on games that build academic vocabulary:
- Games and Activities That Build Academic Vocabulary: a presentation by Danette Parsley and Heather Martindill.
- Academic Vocabulary Games: Tennesee Schools academic vocabulary project.